Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Control the use of pesticides and rodenticides. In combination these threats are suspected to be causing a slow ongoing population decline over three generations (c.16 years). A recovery plan is being worked on (D. Patil in litt. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2011 beautyofbirds.com - All Rights Reserved. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most species of owl. It has been observed that the owlet is found in forests with a high density of teak trees. 2005). Initiate a number of forest management measures and establish community reserves within its range (Rahmani and Jathar 2004, G. Jathar in litt. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Population justificationThe population size was previously listed as 50-249 mature individuals based on the number of records from known sites. It is threatened foremost by deforestation. The Forest Owlet remains critically endangered, and the current population has been estimated at less than 250. Until its rediscovery in 1997, it was only known from seven specimens collected during the 19th century at four localities in two widely separated areas, north-western Maharashtra and south-east Madhya Pradesh (now in Chhattisgarh state) (Rasmussen 1998, G. Jathar in litt. Please note: Any content published on this site is commentary or opinion, and is protected under Free Speech. No birds were found in a brief survey of its former eastern range in Orissa. 2002). A long-term project to investigate the impact of timber harvesting on the species in Madhya Pradesh has been initiated (P. Mehta in litt. It appears to be quite strongly diurnal and fairly easy to detect, frequently perching on prominent bare branches. Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. 2017). Heteroglaux blewitti is endemic to India, occurring in central and India and the north-western Ghats. The species has also been found breeding nearby at Yawal Wildlife Sanctuary (Chavan and Rithe 2009), however recent surveys did not record the species in this area (Ishtiaq and Rahmani 2000, Jathar and Rahmani 2004, Mehta et al. In 2000, a survey of 14 forest areas across its former range located 25 birds at four sites in northern Maharashtra and south-western Madhya Pradesh (three pairs at Taloda Forest Range, seven pairs at Toranmal Forest Range, one pair at Khaknar Range and one indiviudal at Melghat Tiger Reserve [Ishtiaq and Rahmani 2000]). Toranmal Reserve Forest, Khaknar Reserve Forest and Purna, Tansa and Yawal Wildlife Sanctuaries. The population estimate has therefore been revised upwards, leading to its reclassification from Critically Endangered to Endangered. The proposed Upper Tapi Irrigation Project threatens 244 ha of prime habitat used by the species (Kasambe et al. 2007, Anon. No birds were found in a brief survey of its former eastern range in Orissa, or in north-east Andhra Pradesh (Mehta et al. Forest owlet is part of WikiProject Birds, an attempt at creating a standardized, informative and easy-to-use ornithological resource.If you would like to participate, visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. Currently, the Forest Owlet is reported from less than 10 locations from India. The species was recently recorded in Navapura and Chichpada Ranges in Nandurbar District, close to the state boundary of Gujarat (Mehta et al. 2015). The Forest Owlet is small (23cm) and stocky. In 2000 a survey of 14 forest areas across its former range located 25 birds at four sites in northern Maharashtra and south-western Madhya Pradesh, including three pairs at Taloda Forest Range and seven pairs at Toranmal Forest Range. This suggests that the recent observations from hill slopes may represent birds in suboptimal habitat. According to a study conducted…, Throughout history, Crows, Ravens and other black birds were feared as symbols of evil or death.…, These splendidly plumaged birds are found in certain areas of Southern Mexico and Central America…, It has already been recorded that the Common Poorwills can enter extended periods of hibernation as…, Smallest Bird in Existence: Which is it: the Bee or the Bumble Bee Hummingbirds? They have unusually large claws, which they use to catch prey … 2005), at least 82 individuals have now been recorded in Dang District, Gujarat (Patel et al. Similar spp. It is considered that this owl has always been rare. PHYSICAL FEATURES Length – 23 cm, female usually larger than male The other grouping is the barn owls, Tytonidae. It suffers predation from a number of native raptors, limiting productivity, and it faces competition for a limited number of nesting cavities (Jathar 2003, Ishtiaq and Rahmani 2005). The site of its initial discovery in 1872 (Chhattisgarh) has completely been encroached by agriculture (D. Patil in litt. Over 100 individuals have been seen in the protected Melghat Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra (Kasambe et al. 2016). Listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2018, the population is estimated at less than 1,000 mature individuals. At least 82 individuals have now been recorded in Dang District, Gujarat (Patel et al. 2013).Conservation and research actions proposedPrevent illicit wood-cutting and hunting of wildlife in forests within the species's range (Ishtiaq and Rahmani 2005). An education and awareness programme has been initiated. Promote ecotourism. 2005), which is now recognised as the species's stronghold. It breeds between October and May, laying a brood of two eggs (Ishtiaq and Rahmani 2005) in a hole in a softwood tree, and can re-lay if its first nesting attempt fails. It is likely that other forest areas where it occurs are under similarly intense pressure. 2012). The species is hunted by local people and body parts and eggs are used for local customs, such as the making of drums (Jathar 2003, Jathar and Rahmani undated). In this area, 79 individuals could be found in 2004 (Jathar and Rahmani 2004). The Forest Owlet inhabits dry deciduous teak forests in Central India. Modelling suggests that its remaining range is severely fragmented, and only c.10% is protected (G. Jathar in litt. 2012). Along with teak, a ground cover of weed like wild basil and grasses is typical of the known owlet sites (D. Patil in litt. Terms Of Use / Copyright Restrictions, Site Privacy Policy | Report Abuse | Website Administrator | Web Design by Drupal Development Services. 2012). It is a typical owlet with a rather plain crown and heavily banded wings and tail. The forest owlet is small and stocky. 2012). It uses material from Wikipedia.org ... Additional information and photos added by Avianweb. It is only provided for educational and entertainment purposes, and is in no way intended as a substitute for Interventions have been made to seek the prevention of further forest losses at the site of rediscovery. 2016). This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. The original specimens were collected in dense jungle, and the recent sightings in more open forest may be living in suboptimal habitat. Given the increasing number of reports of this species it is likely that the global population size is likely to be >250 mature individuals, and so it is now placed in the range of 250-999 mature individuals. 2014, Koparde in litt. A further study in 2010-2011 surveying known localities in Taloda and Toranmal Forest Ranges found no birds in Taloda and only one pair in Toranmal despite intensive surveying over two seasons (Jathar and Patil 2011). Until its rediscovery in 1997, this owl was known from only seven specimens collected in the nineteenth century, in northern Maharashtra, and south-east Madhya Pradesh/western Orissa. Of the original seven pairs at Toranmal Forest Range, only one pair was left in 2005 and 2006; however in 2009, two pairs could be confirmed in the area (Jathar and Rahmani 2006, Jathar and Patil 2011, G. Jathar in litt. In Gujarat, the species was recorded in dry deciduous forest interspersed wit agriculture and human settlements; the nearby areas were under severe anthropogenic pressure due to logging, forest fires amd cattle grazing (Patel et al. Since its rediscovery in 1997, fieldwork has been conducted to study its status, ecology and threats. Assess the status of the species in the newly discovered sites in the northern Western Ghats. Downloaded from The facial disc is pale and the eyes are yellow. The forest owlet (Athene blewitti) is endemic to the forests of central India. 2002, Chavan and Rithe 2009). Lizards appear to be important prey. Thank you. terms. Spotted Owlet A. brama has more distinct spotting on crown and nape, a prominent white nuchal collar, and lacks broadly banded tail. Or any of their authors / publishers assume no responsibility for the species in the shrinking forests central... Chhattisgarh ) has completely been encroached by agriculture ( D. Patil in.! 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