It quickly strengthened to a Category 5 cyclone as it moved north in the Bay of Bengal, making it the most powerful cyclone to form in the Bay of Bengal to date. Though it weakened before making landfall, it caused widespread damage in both India and Bangladesh due to high winds, storm surge and flooding rainfall. Heavy rainfall, high winds and storm surges threaten coastal communities in Bangladesh and India. This data was processed by the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) in collaboration with the Advanced Rapid Imaging and Analysis (ARIA) team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California. Changes undertaken in Bangladesh since the 1990s count among the great victories in emergency management. After Cyclone Nivar, a new weather system is brewing in the Bay of Bengal . View Products on the NASA Disasters Mapping Portal, NASA Measures Rainfall from Cyclone Amphan, https://gpm.nasa.gov/articles/gpm-sees-cyclone-amphan-approach-india. "Basically, any cyclone coming up and going north through the Bay of Bengal has got a good chance of hitting land somewhere.". AEST = Australian Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). Landfall occurred near the India-Bangladesh border along the northern edge of the Bay of Bengal. Late warnings and complacency resulting from a weaker cyclone in the months before likely added to the death toll. Many killer cyclones have originated in the Bay of Bengal, with one that hit Bangladesh in 1991 resulting in an estimated 138,000 deaths. "In India you can do that because people can go inland and basically get away from the worst of it.". "A cyclone hits anywhere in the Bay of Bengal, and it's going to be a lot of people affected," Dr Holland said. It is the latest massive storm to hit the Bay of Bengal, a region notorious for producing cyclones that have claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. Cyclone Bhola coincided with a lunar high tide, compounding the storm surge that inundated the low-lying region and swept away thousands of people. 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That morning, as the wind picked up, Mitali Mondol and … So far the largest rainfall accumulation from Amphan has fallen over the Bay of Bengal on May 18 while Amphan was at category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale. The Bay of Bengal was the setting for the deadliest weather event on modern record, Cyclone Bhola. Cyclone Nivar - the second cyclone to form over the Bay of Bengal this year after Super Cyclone … after Biden fractures foot playing with his dog, Victoria records first coronavirus death in more than a month, '500,000 reasons for justice': Queensland police offer reward for unsolved 1999 bank shooting, Townsville couple charged over 3yo girl's death in hot car released on bail, Teenage couple's killer should not get full discount for early plea, prosecutors say. "India has a quite well coordinated program of evacuation and the people do move, they get up and they leave," Dr Holland said. Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan (/ ˈ ɑː m p ɑː n /) was a powerful and catastrophic tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage in Eastern India, specifically West Bengal, and also Bangladesh in May 2020. "Nowadays it's still bad; it's not unusual to get 5,000 people dying when a major cyclone comes to shore, but 5,000 is a heck of a lot better than 300,000," Dr Holland said. Warnings, communications, protective embankments and recovery support have also improved. The season began on May 16 with the designation of Depression BOB 01 in the Bay of Bengal, which later became Cyclone Amphan, the strongest storm in the Bay of Bengal recorded since the 1999 Odisha cyclone and breaking the record of Cyclone Nargis of 2008 as the costliest storm ever recorded in the basin. Natural-color image of Cyclone Amphan from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument on NASA’s Aqua satellite, acquired just prior to landfall at 1 p.m. India Standard Time (07:30 Universal Time) on May 20th, 2020. Credit: NASA Earth Observatory. As Cyclone Amphan barrels towards South Asia, communities are taking action to stay safe. The system has weakened as it moves inland, but at least 82 people have been reported dead. But Bangladesh was difficult to evacuate, he said, for both socioeconomic and geographical reasons. It is estimated that it caused $13.2 billion dollars in West Bengal alone, according to the Indian government. Then there is the region's population density. Cyclone Amphan, weather forecast Today Live updates: The deep depression over southeast Bay of Bengal and neighbourhood has rapidly intensified into a cyclonic storm ‘Amphan’ (pronounced as Um-pun), the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said in its latest bulletin on Saturday. The map was derived from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data acquired before (May 16) and after (May 22) the event from the Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellites, operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). While Myanmar is not in the cyclone’s direct path, heavy rain, strong winds and storm surges are expected to affect northern parts of the country, including Rakhine state. This DPM should be used as guidance to identify damaged areas, and may be less reliable over vegetated areas. Cyclone Amphan, the most powerful storm to hit the Bay of Bengal in the twenty-first century, made landfall on May 20. On May 20, Super Cyclone Amphan was expected to make landfall in the Indian state of West Bengal. After Amphan, the naming will start from the first list starting with Nisarga, Gati and so on. Videos from the ground showed apocalyptic scenes — winds of up to 185 kilometers per hour battering settlements of makeshift homes into oblivion, a terrifying five-meter storm surge, and rivers overflowing their embankments.
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