Posted by LindaTX8 (Medina Co., TX - Zone 8a) on Jan 6, 2012 11:50 AM. Use the Earth-Kind® plant selector to choose the best plants and trees to grow in your Texas landscape. Eysenhardtia Species, Bee Brush, Kidneywood, Texas Kidneywood, Vara Dulce (Eysenhardtia texana) by htop May 21, 2004 1:19 AM A Texas native tree … Texas kidneywood is an evergreen shrub with slender gray stems that reaches heights ranging from 3-8 feet. The heartwood of Kidneywood is reddish-brown and when soaked in water, produces a golden-yellow or orange color used for dye. People used to chew the sap issuing from the bark of the tree, an early form of chewing gum. A blue fluorescence becomes visible when the dye is placed against a black background making it quite unique and especially striking. In most cases, it prefers calcareous soils and is found as part of brushy, chaparral vegetation. The most comprehensive image search on the web. Flowering will continue off and on all summer. Texas Kidneywood (Eysenhardtia texana) is a perennial, non-spiny, Texas native; a member of the Pea family (Fabacea). It reaches heights of 6 to 10 feet and will bloom after a rain. A Sustainable Choice for Small Spaces. Its small, black fruits feed a number of bird species. Fast/moderate grower. Contribute photos of this plant Texas SmartScape™ is helping to promote education on pollution prevention through efficient and effective water use for the benefit of all citizens. Tree Care Guide. This tree drops its leaves in winter. In April, the leaves return and the elongated clusters of white flowers appear. Wood from a species closely related to Kidneywood historically was used to treat kidney and bladder ailments. Texas Kidneywood, Rock Brush Eysenhardtia texana . Positive: On Apr 5, 2015, bigthicket from Houston, TX (Zone 9b) wrote: Texas Kidneywood is the NorthEastern version of this shrub, with E. polystachya & E. orthocarpa to the South & West in Mexico. Small, fragrant, white blossoms on elongated flower stalks appear in May, then intermittently through the summer and fall following rains. It has 15-47 tiny leaflets that form an alternately compounded leaf. This very distinctive tree has trifoliate leaves emitting an unpleasant, musky odor when crushed. It prefers dry calcareous soils and rocky limestone hills and canyons. Kidneywood is an open, airy large shrub or small tree that grows in some areas of Texas. Wafer Ash, also known as Hop Tree, (Ptelea trifoliatea) is a beautiful understory tree found along with Texas Kidneywood. It can grow to 10 feet, often with several trunks, and is particularly attractive when pruned into a small tree. Texas Kidneywood Photo by: Jennifer (iNaturalist Observation 16859486). These “necklaces” will often hang on the gently drooping branches of the tree through the winter. Wafer Ash is a host for two-tailed Swallowtail, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, & Giant Swallowtail. Texas olive is an evergreen to semi-deciduous tree reaching fifteen to twenty feet tall and about twenty-five feet wide. It has been updated and is being maintained by AAMN Stacy Fontenot. Texas Kidneywood (Eysenhardtia texana) is a perennial, non-spiny, Texas native; a member of the Pea family (Fabacea). Cold hardy to 15 degrees F. Huge butterfly larval source, fragrant flowers. : Pinnately Compound, Distribution Full sun/part shade. Texas kidneywood is found throughout south Texas, more often in the northern portions. Plant a small tree! Any chance for nectar from the few remaining flowers probably dried up long ago so I imagine these fresh blossoms must look like an oasis for pollinators. © 2020 Texas A&M University. OTHER COMMON NAMES: TEXAS KIDNEYWOOD, BEE BRUSH, VARA DULCE BOTANIAL NAME: Eysenhardtia texana PRONUNCIATION: eye-zen-HAR-dee-ah tex-AN-ah FAMILY: Fabaceae (Legume Family) TYPE: Deciduous Small Tree – Sun HEIGHT: 8 - 15 feet SPREAD: 6 - 8 feet SPACING: 6 - 8 Feet HABIT: Wonderfully fragrant white 3”-4” flower spikes; bloom April to November … Texas Kidneywood. Kidneywood, also known as Bee Brush (not to be confused with Aloysia gratissima aka Bee-Brush with similar white inflorescences), is a magnet for butterflies and bees seeking nectar. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. >>Texas Kidneywood, or Vara Dulce (Eysenhardtia texana) is also a dense large shrub with clusters of fragrant white flowers. It's seeds and flowers are valuable for insects and birds. Texas native deciduous shrub/tree. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center >> Texas Kidneywood Photos . The drooping, round, flat seeds, similar in appearance to the wafers used in communion, appear in early September. Print This Page Kidneywood. ~10 ft H and ~5 ft W at maturity, as tree. About Texas Master Naturalists – Alamo Chapter, Calendar (Advanced Training & Volunteer Events), Hardy Children’s Guides for Families & Educators, Starting Out Wild Lessons with Materials/ Family Nature Guides, Starting Out Wild Training and Teaching Templates. Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Fact Sheet. Kidneywood is native to southeastern Arizona, a large shrub or multistemmed tree that will grow to 15-20 feet, tall enough to provide shade for a patio or even the side of a house. The Texas Kidneywood is a popular and colourful meeting spot these days! Kidneywood - A Native Tree. Texas kidneywood is a warm season perennial shrub found in South Texas. Reduce the amount of water, fertilizer and pesticides that you use in your landscape. Texas kidneywood is an evergreen shrub with slender gray stems that reaches heights ranging from 3-8 feet. Alamo Area Master Naturalist (AAMN) Ron Tullius was the author of this piece. Can prune into multi-stemmed, airy, tall, and narrow tree. Apr 20, 2016 - Eysenhardtia texana. I think I will cage these so they can get taller, more tree like.I have 10 more to plant out this winter. It’s a host plant for the Southern Dogface butterfly, whose larvae (caterpillars) eat the leaves of Kidneywood. It grows in Texas and south into Mexico. Texas Kidneywood Photo by: Jennifer (iNaturalist Observation 16859486) Alamo Area Master Naturalist (AAMN) Ron Tullius was the author of this piece. Data Source and Documentation ... Eysenhardtia texana Scheele – Texas kidneywood Subordinate Taxa. Its multiple trunks show an open, airy habit. Texas kidneywood prefers full sun or light shade. Cross Reference. I love the smell. You can also view a clickable map. It has multiple stems from the base and irregularly shaped. Most of the plants at Willowbrook Reach have finished flowering and are putting their energy into growing seeds and fruit. It prefers to grow in the sun, but it will tolerate partial shade. The fruits, maturing in September, are small brown pods attached to the ends of stems. The tiny, hairy, white flowers … It has multiple trunks with a dark gray bark and deep green, oval leaves that are large and leathery in texture. Texas kidneywood's fruit is a thick, dotted, green-to-brown legume and contains 2-4 seeds. Kidneywood can get as tall as 20 feet, and is heat, cold, and drought tolerant making it an excellent landscape plant for this area. The tiny, hairy, white flowers emerge in 1-4 inch long clusters from April to November. Create beautiful, low maintenance landscapes, while conserving and protecting natural resources and the environment. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Texas kidneywood is an open, airy shrub with spikes of fragrant white flowers and lacy compound leaves. Be observant of the variety of leaf shapes, colors, and textures; feel the smooth, rough, and warty barks; and look for the presence or absence of spines. All rights reserved. Apr 7, 2014 - Drought resistant and deer resistant. by Greg Corman, Owner Corman Art and Landscape Design Got a small space? Texas kidneywood is highly browsed by white-tailed deer and is also browsed by cattle. The dense, hard wood of Eve’s Necklace will produce a yellow dye. The finely divided (13-47 leaflets), deciduous, compound leaves have the pungent smell of citrus that deer, livestock, and other wildlife eat. The undersides of the leaves are covered in fuzz with deep, yellowish-white veins. Maintenance: Megan.Clayton @ ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement in fuzz deep. For dye ; a member of the plants at Willowbrook Reach have finished and! 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