Further exacerbating the situation was the dislike between Shia leader Imam Khomeini and General Zia ul-Haq. [172], Relations between the Shia and the Wahhabis are inherently strained because the Wahhabis consider the rituals of the Shia to be the epitome of shirk, or polytheism. Though sectarian tensions in Lebanon were at their height during the Lebanese Civil War, the Shia–Sunni relations were not the main conflict of the war. At least 17 Shia were killed. [112] Rebel groups with 10,000s of Sunni Syrian fighters such as Ahrar ash-Sham, the Islamic Front, and al-Qaeda's al-Nusra Front, employ anti-Shia rhetoric and foreign Arab and Western Sunni fighters have joined the rebels. [264], In a special interview broadcast on Al Jazeera on 14 February 2007, former Iranian president and chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran, Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and highly influential Sunni scholar Yusuf al-Qaradawi, "stressed the impermissibility of the fighting between the Sunnis and the Shi’is" and the need to "be aware of the conspiracies of the forces of hegemony and Zionism which aim to weaken [Islam] and tear it apart in Iraq. The president explained the situation by saying Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei would not agree to the proposal. Shia in India faced persecution by some Sunni rulers and Mughal Emperors which resulted in the killings of Shia scholars like Qazi Nurullah Shustari[81] (also known as Shaheed-e-Thaalis, the third Martyr) and Mirza Muhammad Kamil Dehlavi[82] (also known as Shaheed-e- Rabay, the fourth Martyr) who are two of the five martyrs of Shia Islam. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan, have sent thousands of volunteers to fight with the Taliban regime and "in return the Taliban gave sanctuary to their leaders in the Afghan capital of Kabul."[227]. Shia Muslims and Sunni do possess similar basic beliefs about One God (ALLAH), Prophets, Holy Books, Angels, Predestination and Judgment day. [98], In a milestone for the two countries' relations, on 3 March 2007 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad held an extraordinary summit meeting. Women and children were kidnapped and gunmen even executed out-of-towners who were staying at a local hotel. Sunni believe Prophet Muhammad did not appoint any successor and the community chose Abu Bakr as the first caliph. "[174], Members of the Shi‘a Muslim community (estimated at between 7 and 10 per cent of Saudi Arabia’s population of about 19 million) suffer systematic political, social, cultural as well as religious discrimination. Jones, Toby "The Iraq Effect in Saudi Arabia, Yemen Facing Insurgency on Two Fronts, By Stephen Ulph (see above), Amnesty: Ratification without implementation:the state of human rights in Yemen, Religious clash in Indonesia kills up to six, Straits Times, 6 February 2011, International propagation of Salafism and Wahhabism, French National Centre for Scientific Research, International Islamic Unity Conference (Iran), The World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought, "Sunnis and Shia: Islam's ancient schism", "India – Iran relations: Converging Interests or Drifting Equations", Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, "Ahmadinejad on way, NSA says India to be impacted if Iran 'wronged by others, "India, Iran to make common cause over terror from Pak", "Aspiring powers and a new old friendship", "As Syrians Fight, Sectarian Strife Infects Mideast", "Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan – Presidential Library – Religion", "Yemen: The conflict in Saada Governorate – analysis", "Yemen: The land with more guns than people", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2012", "The New Middle East, Turkey, and the Search for Regional Stability", http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/images/maps/GulfReligionGeneral_lg.png, "The Shia Revival: How Conflicts within Islam Will Shape the Future", "Abu Hurayra and the Falsification of Traditions (Hadith)", "The Origins of the Sunni/Shia split in Islam", Atlas of the Middle East (Second ed.). In Islam, there are two main sects: Sunni and Shi'a. Sunni does not mourn or self-flagellate and consider it as a sin. [243], Malaysia claims to be a tolerant Islamic state, however since 2010 it has banned the preaching of Shia Islam, with a "particular ferocity"[244] and warns against Shiism with its, "evil and blasphemous beliefs". Many Shias in the Levant were killed for their faith. [37], The Shias accept some of the same hadiths used by Sunnis as part of the sunnah to argue their case. Shia–Sunni conflict in Yemen involves the Shia insurgency in northern Yemen.[16]. These duties are Shahada (profession of faith), salat (prayers), Zakāt (giving of alms), Sawm (fasting, specifically during Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). In March 2005 Salt, al-Banna's home town, saw a three-day wake for al-Banna who Jordanian newspapers and celebrants proclaimed a martyr to Islam, which by definition made the Shia victims "infidels whose murder was justified." [15] Despite the fact that Pakistan is a Sunni majority country, Shias have been elected to top offices and played an important part in the country's politics.
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