Unlike pines and like larches, spruce wood has small resin canals. In Europe the common spruce (Picea abies) and the Serbian spruce (Picea omorika) are most common. - Manufacture of composite wood materials. Spruce wood offers an even texture that makes it appealing as a building material. Top-grade Norway spruce is a premium tonewood prized by luthiers for its acoustic properties; it is a timber of choice for acoustic guitar soundboards. The spruce and fir belong to two different botanical families. Spruce trees are native to cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Individual trees can grow as old as 600 years, but a generally felled at an age of 100 to 120 years. It's also a lightweight wood, which makes it versatile for low-stress applications. Its low natural durability can be compensated for by applying a protective coat of paint. Sawing and machining is easy, also assembling. You see it all the time when shopping for an acoustic guitar: Sitka spruce top, mahogany back and sides, rosewood bridge, this wood, that wood, another wood. Endgrain: Medium sized resin canals (larger than other spruce), sparse to numerous and variable in distribution; solitary or in tangential groups of several; earlywood to latewood transition gradual, color contrast medium; tracheid diameter medium-large. It is easy to saw, plane, drill and sand as well as to slice or peel, to split or shred. Spruce is straight-grained with thin and regular texture. This wood is found in mountain regions like central, northern, and southern Europe. The sapwood and heartwood are difficult to distinguish from one another. Wood description. Like pines and larches, spruce wood has resin canals, which supply resin to seal up wounds in the tree's bark. Spruce is cream to white in color, with fine, consistently straight grain lines. Depending upon location and growth the width of the annual growth rings varies as does the density of the wood. Spruce can grow to a height of 30m to 50m. The fir tree is well known, two in particular are the variants that are more prevalent in Europe, the fir and spruce, which differed only in the characteristics of these two woods. Like pines and larches, spruce wood has resin canals, which supply resin to seal up wounds in the tree's bark. Spruce pulp is important in the paper industry, and several species are cultivated for their attractive forms. Depending upon the angle of incision, either a clear striped pattern is visible (radial cut) or a wavy grain (cross cut). Spruce has a slight tendency to split when nailed. Wood is uniformly-white with a golden hueand it is able to retain the natural color for a long time. Spruce, (genus Picea), genus of about 40 species of evergreen ornamental and timber trees in the conifer family Pinaceae, native to the temperate and cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Heartwood is not distinct from sapwood. Depending upon the requirements, only certain maximum annual ring widths are allowed. SPF can be used for boxes, crates, and general millwork, though in Australia it is only used for housing construction frames. Resin canals are rather common. Spruce wood is also known as red spruce. 114-49, Necrasov str., Minsk, Republic of Belarus, 220049. By Jeff Owens. The spruce wood is the member of the Pinaceae plant family. Before the times of precise botanical classification, all coniferous trees were simply known as “fir” trees. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Spruce Wood The spruce, characteristics and use. Spruce can grow to a height of 30m to 50m. The wood is soft, low in weight and has medium density. Spruce has a small resinous, high resistance to cracking, a lot of round knots on a tangential section. Some varieties of spruce offer greater strength, making them useful for different building purposes. - Interior finishing, furniture From Brazilian rosewood to Sitka spruce, get the lowdown on popular tonewoods. Spruce's density and hardness is comparable to pine wood, but its processing is much more complicated. All very impressive, but what does it mean? Spruce is one of the most important woods for paper uses, as it has long wood fibres which … Spruce is one of the most important trees in Germany: Almost one third of Germany’s forestland is covered by spruce. Wood is uniformly-white with a golden hueand it is able to retain the natural color for a long time. Wide rings equate to lower density and therefore less strength. Click here. It is quite true that it requires particular deftness to work with spruce, which produces wands that are ill-matched with cautious or nervous natures, and become positively dangerous in fumbling fingers. Wood - Wood - Properties of wood: Sensory characteristics include colour, lustre, odour, taste, texture, grain, figure, weight, and hardness of wood. Properties Spruce is light and soft, but nevertheless has good strength and elasticity properties for its relatively light weight. While the structure of wood in different softwoods is fairly similar, spruce does exhibit some distinguishing characteristics. Similar materials» Triple-layer panel for concrete formwork» Fir. Because of its softness, spruce, as pine, should not be used for flooring in areas where it will be constantly exposed heels or where furniture will be installed on the legs with a small area of support. It is less well suited to impregnation. For the same reason, some (particularly Norway spruce and Serbian Spruce) are also extensively used as Christmas trees. Conversion of an old wooden stable to a hotel and bar, Wooden houses for export to Europe and other countries of the world. Spruce may contain small knots, but pine may display large knots, and is less consistent than spruce. The colours range from creamy white to light yellow and to red-brown. Dimensions Spruce wood is available as round and sawn timber, as laminated timber and veneer. Spruce, genus of about 40 species of evergreen ornamental and timber trees in the family Pinaceae. The sapwood of Norway spruce is white to pale yellow in colour, its heartwood is not always distinguishable but often tinged with brown and reddish-brown hues. The eight species marketed under this name are white spruce, black spruce, jack pine, balsam fir, lodgepole pine, Engelmann spruce, and red spruce. Individual trees can grow as old as 600 years, but a generally felled at an age of 100 to 120 years. The wood of both trees is, however, so similar that their wood is very often simply labelled as “fir/spruce”. Unskilled wandmakers call spruce a difficult wood, but in doing so they reveal their own ineptitude. Spruce wood main physical properties. It is straightforward to paint, less easy to impregnate, especially the heartwood. Spruce grows in lowlands and mountainous regions. As a result, and due to its good technical characteristics similar to fir, spruce wood is used in large quantities for the industrialised production of composite wood materials and for building and construction. Spruce's density and hardness is comparable to pine wood, but its processing is much more complicated. Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is the generic name for a range of timbers originating from North America. It is not very susceptible to shrinkage and when dried remains stable. As a result sawn timber is sorted so that dense wood is reserved for use in high-load construction. Fact or fiction? The wood is light, yellowish-white to reddish-white and darkens under exposure to light. Spruce pulp is important in the paper industry, and timber from the trees is used in a variety of applications. They grow comparatively quickly and their wood yield is high. Grain/Texture: Sitka Spruce has a fine, even texture, and a consistently straight grain. Unlike pines, spruce wood has relatively little scent. Usage Spruce can be worked with all tools and machines. Together with pine and birch, the spruce is among those trees which grow in the northern-most part of the hemisphere. As a result, and due to its good technical characteristics similar to fir, spruce wood is used in large quantities for the industrialised production of composite wood materials and for building and construction. 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