The photobiont associated with the reindeer lichen is Trebouxia irregularis. However, you’ll probably need a lichenologist to accurately identify the lichens to species. [12], A study released in May 2011 claims that some species of lichens, including Cladonia rangiferina, are able to degrade the deadly prion implicated in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) through the enzyme serine protease. [3] The color is grayish, whitish or brownish grey. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. It is well suited for growing in a container indoors. Reindeer Lichen. The lichen is used as a traditional remedy for removal of kidney stones by the Monpa in the alpine regions of the West Kameng district of Eastern Himalaya. Isolated populations of four reindeer lichen species and varieties co-occur in a unique relict prairie habitat at Mima Mounds Natural Area Preserve, southwest Washington State, USA. Because it regenerates very slowly, harvesting the star-tipped lichen is subject to permission. It grows on humus, or on soil over rock. Cladonia rangiferina, also known as reindeer lichen (cf. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. Other lichens are not. Mosses and Lichens Cladoniaceae Cladonia Cladonia arbuscula. Cladonia rangiferina, also known as reindeer lichen (cf. Cladonia rangiferina est l’une des espèces de lichens connues sous les noms de lichen des rennes ou lichen des caribous.Il s’agit d’une espèce fruticuleuse, formant au sol de grands tapis blanchâtres buissonnants.Au sein du genre Cladonia, il appartient à un groupe d’espèces dépourvues de thalle primaire, autrefois rassemblées dans un genre à part (Cladina). The few samples for which no positive identi-fication could be made were cross-checked by Eric Steen Hansen (Botanical Museum, University of Copen-hagen). In certain parts of its range, this lichen is a threatened species. The Florida perforate reindeer lichen occurs only in the state of Florida and is characterised by its yellow-grey, complex branching pattern. Annales Botanici Fennici 22: 223-229. Reindeer lichen, like many lichens, is slow growing (3–11 mm per year) and may take decades to return once overgrazed, burned, trampled, or otherwise damaged.[2]. Flot. 1 See the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Plant Profile for Reindeer Lichen for a more complete list of North American Reindeer Lichens. Conversely, a similar-looking but distinct species, also known by the common name "reindeer lichen", is Cladonia portentosa. Reindeer Lichen is an elegant multi-branched whitish to pale blue lichen, usually found growing with heather. C. rangiferina forms extensive mats up to 10 cm tall. It is found across Europe, North America and Asia. Reindeer lichens (Cladonia subgenus Cladina) are usually more typical of northern boreal regions and are very rare in inland valley habitats of the western states outside of Alaska. Cladonia oricola, anew coastal species of reindeer lichen in eastern Notrth America. Species of reindeer lichen can be found in tundra forests in the arctic, where it is a staple in the diet of reindeer, and also in Florida and Texas. As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. The most common Reindeer Lichens in North America are Cladonia rangiferina, Cladonia arbuscula, Cladonia mitis, Cladonia stellaris, and Cladonia stygia. Sw. renlav), grey reindeer lichen, or (misleadingly) reindeer moss, is a light-colored, fruticose species of lichen, belonging to the family Cladoniaceae. As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. Ahti T: Four species of Cladinae new to North America. These interesting organisms are normally incredibly difficult for animals to digest. At sites 11-14, samples of all species of macrolichens within a plot were collected and keyed out under a stereo microscope. 20. species of reindeer lichen. Archivum Societatis Zoologicae Botanicae Fennicae The prairie is the type locality for mima mounds, unusual geologic features providing topographical variation that influences vegetation patterns. Today, it is used as an ornamental plant. Containers specifically designed for use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores. Thalli are fruticose, and extensively branched, with each branch usually dividing into three or four (sometimes two); the thicker branches are typically 1–1.5 mm in diameter. Step 1 Choose a container made from clear glass or plastic. The branching is at a smaller angle than that of Cladonia portentosa. Species of the Month - March 2018. It was also used to treat skin infections due to its antibiotic properties. The plant forms dense groundcover in dry heath- and rocky forests as well as in fell landscapes. Reindeer lichen species on the Emerald Coast. Other common names include reindeer moss, deer moss, and caribou moss, but these names can be misleading since it is, though somewhat moss- like in appearance, not a moss. [4] It lacks a well-defined cortex (a protective layer covering the thallus, analogous to the epidermis in plants), but rather, a loose layer of hyphae cover the photobionts. They are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. They eat it plain or, preferably, mixed with berries, fish eggs, or lard. Reading it makes me stop and think more deeply about how to identify deer lichen species in my area, the Emerald Coast of Florida. Our study established distributional, ecological, chemotypic, and phylogenetic information for the target species. No attempt was made to speciate members of Stereo-caulon. It grows in both hot and cold climates in well-drained, open environments. Reindeer facts. Reindeer lichen Cladonia arbuscula (Wallr.) species of lichenised fungus in the family Cladoniaceae, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, "Novel Abietane Diterpenoids and Aromatic Compounds from Cladonia rangiferina and Their Antimicrobial Activity against Antibiotics Resistant Bacteria", "Degradation of the disease-associated prion protein (PrP(TSE)), the probable etiological agent of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) by a serine protease from lichens",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 04:03. Species Details; Observations; Maps; Photos; Sounds; Statistics; On/in; Names; I've seen this species!
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