The country will observe National Statistics Day on June 29, the 125th birth anniversary of Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, the great physicist-turned-statistician and a … They married on 27 February 1923, although her father did not completely approve of the union. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute and played a key role in formulating India’s strategy for industrialization in the Second Five-Year Plan (1956–61). Gurucharan was influenced by Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905), father of the Nobel Prize-winning poet, Rabindranath Tagore. He died on 28 June 1972, a day before his 79th birthday. (1973). Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, "Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis : 1893–1972", "Fellowship – Mahalanobis, Prasanta Chandra", "VP Naidu pays homage to Mahalanobis at ISI", "Srinivasa Ramanujan – His life and his genius", "On Some Aspects of the Life and Work of John Burdon Sanderson Haldane, F.R.S., in India", "Anthropological observations on the Anglo-Indians of Calcutta. [3] Rao, C.R. He received his schooling at the Brahmo Boys School in Calcutta, graduating in 1908. There he met the eminent Indian mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan and was deeply influenced by him. This measure, denoted "D2" and now eponymously named Mahalanobis distance, is independent of measurement scale. It is widely used in the field of cluster analysis and classification. [1], He introduced a method for estimating crop yields which involved statisticians sampling in the fields by cutting crops in a circle of diameter 4 feet. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis' actual surname was “Bandyopadhaya”. He returned to India and was appointed as Professor of Physics at Presidency College in 1922; he taught physics at the college for the next three decades. Mahalanobis has been one of the first members of the planning commission of India. He introduced the concept of pilot surveys and advocated the usefulness of sampling methods. This interested him so much that he bought a complete set and took them to India. The institute is today regarded as one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions focused on statistics. Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. In our Prologue we quoted Emerson saying that an institution is the shadow of one man. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Mahavidyalaya, Baranagar (formerly Bonhoogly College of Commerce) was established in 1965 as a private evening Commerce College affiliated to the West Bengal State University (WBSU), Barasat since 2008. Survey Methodology Vol. And also take a good decision for your upcoming education. Several of Mahalanobis’ colleagues, including S. S. Bose, J. M. Sengupta, R. C. Bose, S. N. Roy, K. R. Nair, R. R. Bahadur, and Gopinath Kallianpur made pioneering contributions to the institute. [24][25], On the occasion of his 125th birth anniversary on 29 June 2018, Indian Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu released a commemorative coin at a programme at ISI, Kolkata. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, 1893-1973. He was honored with two prestigious awards in 1968—Padma Vibhushan and Srinivasa Ramanujam Gold Medal—in recognition of his contributions to statistics. He took a short break and went to India, where he was introduced to the Principal of Presidency College and was invited to take classes in physics. Founder/Co-Founder: Indian Statistical Institute, National Sample Survey Organisation, education: King's College, Cambridge, University of Calcutta, Presidency University, Kolkata, University of Cambridge, See the events in life of Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in Chronological Order. But the girl’s father disapproved the match. Born in the house at 210 Cornwallis Street, Mahalanobis grew up in a socially active family surrounded by intellectuals and reformers.[1]. [11] After his Tripos in physics, Mahalanobis worked with C. T. R. Wilson at the Cavendish Laboratory. [1], Many colleagues of Mahalanobis took an interest in statistics. After missing a train, he stayed with a friend at King's College, Cambridge. After completing his education he worked for a while at the Cavendish Laboratory with C. T. R. Wilson. 1, Part 1, in the new statistics journal of the Indian Statistical Institute, Sankhayā (1933), as quoted and cited by MacTutor webpage for Mahalanobis. Adhikari, B. P. (1990). During this time he discovered the ‘Biometrika’, a journal published by Oxford University Press for the Biometrika Trust which primarily focuses on theoretical statistics. [1][7][2][8] For his contributions, Mahalanobis has been considered the father of modern statistics in India.[9]. He used the data collected by Annandale and the caste-specific measurements made by Herbert Risley to come up with the conclusion that the sample represented a mix of Europeans mainly with people from Bengal and Punjab but not with those from the Northwest Frontier Provinces or from Chhota Nagpur. Gurucharan was actively involved in social movements such as the Brahmo Samaj, acting as its Treasurer and President. In 1948, the ISI received a major grant from the Indian government which allowed them to set up a separate Research and Training School. Mahalanobis also had an abiding interest in cultural pursuits and served as secretary to Rabindranath Tagore, particularly during the latter's foreign travels, and also worked at his Visva-Bharati University, for some time. He was concerned about Mahalanobis's opposition to various clauses in the membership of the student wing of the Brahmo Samaj, including prohibitions against members' drinking alcohol and smoking. He established the National Sample Survey in 1950 and also set up the Central Statistical Organization to coordinate statistical activities in India. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, the eminent statistician and founder of Indian Statistical Institute, first met Rabindranath Tagore in 1910, at Santiniketan, when he was 17, finishing college. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure, and for being one of the members of the first Planning Commission of free India. 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