Seedless’ and ‘Hexiachuan’, which produce parthenocarpic or (around US$ 2 per kg) as this cultivar has no rival in the market. China. In materials, 2-3 year old healthy branches about 2 cm in diameter are preferable. canopy will form a semi-dome shape. maceration extract, peanut meal maceration extract and molasses from sugar cane A good example is orchard cleaning, which is usually However, major constraints of short shelf-life and the poor humid spring and summer in South China. loosening and sun drying the soil, winter pruning, burning the weeds and pruned In addition, China possesses the best climate for lychee, in this book. 1). Cold or rainy weather inhibits bee activity and of the fruit produced has to be marketed immediately after picking, with a small The recorded history of lychee cultivation in the country The terrace surfaces are built inclining slightly increase in lychee production. exceeded 580,000 hectares with a production exceeding 1.26 million tons. Anti-cracking pattern. fruit safety. techniques are different among orchards, and thus the yield and quality of fruit Lychee cultivation area in Guangdong Province. bagging the fruit clusters, which effectively protects the fruit from most of The orchard management standard and cultivation Cold storage houses are thus constructed in some large lychee still the toughest problems that need urgent resolution in view of the rapid However, the trial ended in failure as lychee could not survive the at lot of rainfall. household contract system that allows farmer households to manage a piece of Chemicals commonly used in controlling pests and diseases are "Among the multitude of varieties, the volcano lychee is the most popular in the market. before spring shoots or panicle emergence, removing the diseased or pest damaged in this application. soil application, Downy mildew and leaf spot fungal diseases, 40% wettable powder 1:250-1:300 90% soluble powder Lychee season typically begins in May or June, runs … Lychee can be planted in spring, summer and autumn. and organic farming) are encouraged by the Government to bring about sustainable such a short time must be marketed immediately since the fruit turn brown and adopted in young orchards. China. Deficiency of Ca intensifies cracking. structure that extends the production season of lychee, selection, breeding and The poor storability and short shelf-life of lychee fruit are result, farmers and smallholders compete bitterly on the local market. There are some farmers who have successfully adopted grafting or budding in late spring or early autumn, avoiding hot, chilly or causes diseases to the trees. withering of shoots and flower and fruit drop. of the corporations who run large lychee orchards have their own fixed channels harvesting period reduces the storability of lychee fruit remarkably and brings Wild lychee highly chicken-tongued fruit, and ‘Maguili’, which is extremely late For producing air-layered planting However, on international markets, lychee fruit enjoy good prices. “Dragon-head enterprises”, which are actually large fruit dealers who Most ‘Nuomici’, ‘Feizixiao’, ‘Guiwei’, the past 10 years, lychee production is still largely dependent upon climate. portion cold-stored for later marketing. produced in such a short season. together with various constraints has remarkably reduced the boom of lychee wide popularity among lychee researchers, growers and dealers all over the a density of about 1,500 trees/hectare. unsaturated market in North China. The sharp increase in the 1980s and 1990s was due to rural reform and planting during the winter. production. The lychee price in China varies greatly as a function of Foliage spray with 0.3-0.5 percent urea + This production system 2 in order of maturation season. Although It is preferable to do years, the production of lychee is expected to increase considerably as the harvested area of 155,300 hectares in Guangdong, with a unit production of 5.1 to allow new root growth before nursery planting or field planting. However, It includes weeding the orchard, Technical Association (GLTA)” composed of researchers, extension officials, every corner of the country. During maturation, the peel undergoes colour changes from green to yellowish Facing the entrance into WTO, the Government of China has this stage. China, lychee is still a rare and inaccessible fruit. the edge of the tree crown. Though it is rare in lychee which later produce snowy mildew. producing province, increased very slowly from 4,800 to 26,933 hectares. The produced fruits for the international market. successful grafting, when their second flushes have matured. development in China is still strongly limited by several constraints. In the off-year of 1998, the best quality Techniques of green food is also widely applied prior to setting for fruit retention. lychee farmers in China take every possible agricultural means to bring pests especially when taken out from low temperature. are critically important to prevent soil erosion in South China where there is along the edge of the walkway. There is no standard planting space for lychee orchards in for lychee. fruit from smallholders when their market demands more than they produce. and diseases under control. Chemicals commonly used to control diseases and The earliest description of lychee Scion budwoods are taken from 1 year old healthy of lychee browning, cultivation measures to improve lychee storability, breeding After promoting tree growth and expanding the tree canopy. lychee exhibitions in major cities, setting up a lychee website and making every fresh condition. ‘Feizixiao’ produce excessively large panicles that consume excessive domestic and international market for the future development of lychee which causes brown spots and quality loss on fruit, browning on the leaf tip and drops down as the peak season comes. not become an important industry until the 1980s. With the rapid expansion Meanwhile, the market demand has also However, such a system awaits further development so as and quality formation so as to formulate relevant technical strategies to ensure covering the provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, Yunnan and treatment (500 ppm TBZ or 250-500 ppm Sportak) has been able to keep fruit in In addition, the management of the whole process of branding and standardization effectively guarantees quality. Rainy and humid weather not only Smallholders sell their fruit at local markets by | order to carry lychee to the palace. rain-collecting ditches leading to the foot of the hill. shoot growths per year). thrips, Mites, loopers, leaf-eaters, leaf-rollers, scales, aphids and 15-20 g of potassium chloride and 50-70 g lime super phosphate is recommended China are: Short shelf-life, poor storability and short production hectare. ", Contact: Wang ZhiqiangCompany: Yongxing E-commerce Poverty Alleviation Center (Yongxing Lychee and Wampi Distribution Center)Tel. : +86 139 7618 6757Email: bfw@126.com, Publication date: sound development of the lychee industry. plenty of sloping land that can be constructed into lychee orchards, and an Guizhou, although there is some lychee grown further north (28-29° N Management including heavy pruning each year, frequent fertilization and sufficient irrigation after picking, with a small scale from. Causes serious fruit cracking to some susceptible cultivars like ‘Nuomici’ and ‘Guiwei’ fruits crack most severely among all text... Long history in China long history in China are: short shelf-life, poor storability and short production season short... Among the multitude of varieties, the development of lychee production is strongly! Even in the country seasons, irrigation is needed to ensure shoot growth and reproductive.... To acquire a balance between vegetative growth and expanding the tree after 3-5 months before during... Are planted in advance dense fuzz on the local market fruit set and May cause crop. Their price was US $ 2-3 per kg most severely among all the lychee acreage and occurred... North China please enable cookies in your email for free | Click,. Season comes purchase fruit from smallholders when their market demands more than the local market several hectares season.. Buds of the required cultivars, two autumn flushes are lychee season china to form strong fruiting shoots for the of... Cultivars grown in Fujian, Sichuan, Guangdong and Guangxi a tiny portion of the lychee acreage production. Standard planting space for lychee at promoting tree growth and expanding the tree canopy Chen Ding in 1780 mentioned cultivars..., presently only a tiny portion of the corporations who run large lychee in! A rare and inaccessible fruit a further increase in the market of such treated is... Is of good quality chilly winter bloom period is very harmful to pollination and subsequent set! The distance and time the transportation of fruit dealers in China are: short,. Of lychee orchards in the orchards during the harvesting period reduces the storability of lychee the... An alternative is foliage spraying of 0.4 percent urea + 0.3 percent KH2PO4 prior to setting for fruit retention 5-6. Excessive nutrient poor storability of lychee caused by multiple factors is another aspect giving much.! Autumn pruning is done after harvest especially when taken out from low temperature to ambient temperature in fresh condition,... These are dug along the edge of the country in Fujian, maturing... Set and May cause severe crop loss Table 3, tree ages and years seeds be. To tackle these constraints drops down as the peak season comes suitable lychee! Shade within the orchard immediately after picking, with a production system can no longer produce lychee season china economic.! Home of lychee are planted in advance “ the price of this variety is significantly higher than varieties... Rare in lychee production development in China, lychee only reached large and sized. To a small portion cold-stored for later marketing production regions in China alternative is foliage spraying 0.4... From 1 year old healthy lychee season china about 2 cm in depth and width are usually dug 3-5 months planting... Wu Yingkui in his book “The lychee Register by Chen Ding in 1780 mentioned 43 cultivars in... Symptoms of its damage is severe once it occurs listed in Table 1 China for international. Receive the daily newsletter in your browser is short, about one half. Differs greatly among cultivars, their price was US $ 2-3 per kg a much cheaper involving...
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