Cook Collection, Valentine Museum, Richmond, Va. Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images, 10 Army bases bear the names of Confederate officers, according to the National Governors Association. Others, like Fort Hood in Texas, make no mention on their websites of the Confederate officers whose legacies they honor. Named for: Brig. It was formally dedicated as Camp Pickett at 3 p.m. on July 3, 1942, exactly 79 years to the day and hour after Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett, a Virginia-born Confederate officer, helped lead the bloody and ill-fated assault known as Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. The post was named for Col. Edmund W. Rucker, a Confederate officer who became a wealthy industrialist in Birmingham, Ala., after the war. It was during Washington's retreat in November 1776 (beginning along a road which is now Main Street) that Thomas Paine composed his pamphlet, The American Crisis, which began with the recognized phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls." Its first superintendent was William Tecumseh Sherman, who went on to become a famous commander of the Union Army, while most of his students fought for the Confederacy, according to the Louisiana National Guard Museums. Sprawling over nearly 215,000 acres, Fort Hood is the only post in the United States capable of stationing and training two armored divisions. Fort Lee is named for Robert E. Lee, a former U.S. Army colonel who became commanding general of the Confederate army during the Civil War. “His name should be taken off everything in America, period,” Mr. de Blasio said. Fort Pickett, spread across approximately 41,000 acres, is operated by the Virginia National Guard. Benning fought in several battles, including the Battle of Gettysburg. Fort Polk, an Army base in west-central Louisiana, was established in 1941 during the Louisiana Maneuvers, a series of Army exercises in the run-up to World War II. He died on July 30, 1875. It was established as an Army training facility on June 11, 1941. Gen. Pierre G.T. Fort Lee was established as Camp Lee in … In The Atlantic, Mr. Petraeus called Benning “such an enthusiast for slavery that as early as 1849 he argued for the dissolution of the Union and the formation of a Southern slavocracy.”, These Are the 10 U.S. Army Installations Named for Confederates, Brig. Hood was promoted to major general in 1862, and he led Confederate troops in numerous battles, including the Battle of Gettysburg. David H. Petraeus, a retired general and former C.I.A. The Army designated it as Camp Lee on July 15, 1917, naming it in honor of Robert E. Lee, the most famous Confederate general. It was established in 1942, at the beginning of the United States involvement in World War II. After the war, he practiced law in Columbus, Ga. Polk was scouting Union positions with his staff on June 14, 1864, when he was killed by a cannon shot near Marietta, Ga., according to the Park Service. Scattered across the American South, 10 Army bases bear the names of Confederate officers, including several who resigned their commissions in the United States military and fought against the Union Army in some of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. Camp Beauregard serves as the primary annual training site for the Louisiana National Guard. After the United States entered World War I in 1917, the camp was named for Pierre G.T. He was a corps commander during the Battles of Shiloh, Perryville and Murfreesboro, and was later removed from command by Braxton Bragg, for whom Fort Bragg was named. Gen. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, Brady-Handy Collection/Library of Congress. Fort Gordon, formerly known as Camp Gordon, is the home of the Army Cyber Center of Excellence, the Army Signal Corps and the Army Cyber Command. After the war, Pickett became an insurance salesman in Richmond, Va. Fort Lee was created as Camp Lee in 1917. Fort Benning is home to the U.S. Army Maneuver Center of Excellence, which includes the U.S. Army Infantry and Armor Schools. The fort was named for Confederate General Robert E. Lee and is located on historic grounds where European settlers first met the Powhatan Confederation in 1607 and where Captain John Smith set up some of the first plantations along the James River. Pickett had graduated last in his class at West Point and had fought in the Mexican-American War before he resigned his commission in the U.S. military to join the Confederate Army in 1861, according to the National Park Service. According to the National Park Service, he helped to capture the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry in 1862 before a Union soldier shot and killed him on April 2, 1865. John Hunt Morgan, a Confederate commander; and Lt. Gen. Ambrose Powell Hill, a Confederate officer who was chosen in part because he was from Virginia, according to a military brochure on the fort’s history. It was named for Leonidas Polk, a West Point graduate, planter, slave owner and Episcopal bishop who began the Civil War as a major general in the Confederate Army, according to the National Park Service. director, is among those who have argued that the base should be renamed. The League of United Latin American Citizens, commonly known as LULAC, has adopted a resolution to rename the base for Roy P. Benavidez, a Green Beret sergeant born in South Texas. He was also a businessman and was believed to be head of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia, according to the National Governors Association. Beauregard, a Louisiana-born Confederate military commander. Some of the military installations acknowledge their namesakes on their websites. Writing in The Atlantic, he said that not only was Bragg an undistinguished military commander, but that he and other Confederates also committed treason and the “Army should not brook any celebration of those who betrayed their country.”. In early june, a Pentagon official said that Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper and Army Secretary Ryan D. McCarthy were “open to a bipartisan discussion on the topic” of removing Confederate names from the bases. The base was named for John Bell Hood, a Kentucky-born West Point graduate who resigned his commission in the United States military and became a Confederate cavalry captain after the Civil War began in 1861, according to the National Park Service. A debate is unfolding over whether to rename the installations, as part of a broader national reckoning over buildings, monuments and memorials to men who fought to preserve slavery and uphold white supremacy. Beauregard was trained at West Point and served in the Mexican-American War. Fort A.P. He died on Aug. 30, 1879. Established during the early months of World War II, the original name of the post was Ozark Triangular Division Camp. On March 1, 1861, he became the first Confederate general officer with the rank of brigadier general and took command of the Confederate forces in Charleston, S.C. Hill, spread over nearly 76,000 acres, is an all-purpose, year-round military training site with a 27,000-acre live-fire complex. But before the post officially opened on May 1, 1942, the War Department named it Camp Rucker.
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