As soon as a verse was inspired to the Prophet, he conveyed it to the Muslims, who memorized it, and had it written down. According to the narration of Aisha, the commencement of the divine inspiration to God’s Messenger was in the form of good dreams that came like bright daylight (i.e. The only narrations on this matter are from the Companions. b. I find this claim extremely incredible, as it would have been in conflict with the natural course of action of the Prophet and early Muslims with regard to the Book they most revered, but this subject is outside the scope of this book. In total, there are 6,326 verses in the Qur’an. Writings About the Qur'an, Islam, and Religion by Louay Fatoohi, Introduction to “The First and Last Revelations of the Qur’an”. (17.106). This relatively late term denotes the study of various aspects of the Qur’an and its history. Akgul, Muhittin (2009). Scholars have disagreed on how the chapters came to be in this order in the muṣḥaf. Knowing the chronology of the revelation can be helpful, even at times necessary, for interpreting the Qur’anic text, learning about the life of the Prophet and early Muslims, and understanding the Qur’anic legal rulings. They are presumably speaking about the last words they heard from the Prophet just before he passed away. According to others, the basmala was the first verse to be revealed. One group thinks that it was done according to the Prophet’s instructions, another believes the Companions who compiled it after the Prophet chose this particular order, whereas a third group takes the view that the order was chosen by the Prophet and his Companions. One particularly famous work is Al-Itqān fī ʿUlūm al-Qur’an by the 9th century Hijrī scholar Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī. Neither the Qur’an nor the Prophet give any definite information on this matter. Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/louay.fatoohi As for the exact date of this event, it has been calculated to be on Friday, the 17th of Ramadan at night, i.e. In fact, while the muṣḥaf starts with a Meccan chapter, the next 4 chapters are all from the Medina period. People often use the terms “Qur’an” and “muṣḥaf” interchangeably, which is an inaccurate use. A specific enquiry that attracted considerable interest is determining the first and last verses and chapters of the Qur’an, which is the subject of this book. he was in seclusion in the Cave of Hira and revealed him the first five verses from Sura Alaq. The event took place in a cave called Hira, located on the mountain Jabal an-Nour, near Mecca. First and last verses revealed in the Qur’an. I do not think the order of the chapters is insignificant to be left to the Companions to decide or discuss with the Prophet. The longest chapter, which is number 2 (al-Baqara), has 286 verses. a. Muhammad’s revelation was an event described in Islam as taking place in 610 AD, during which the Islamic prophet, Muhammad was visited by the archangel Jibrīl, who revealed to him the beginnings of what would later become the Quran. The Qur’an consists of 114 chapters. Revelation came regularly after this cessation period with the revelation of the first five verses from Sura Muddaththir. On the other hand, many hold that the verses to be revealed first were the verses of Sura al-Fatiha. After this first visit of Archangel Gabriel, Revelation ceased for a certain period ( dawr al-fatra) and then resumed. This is one verse that describes this gradual revelation of the Qur’an: A Qur’an which We have divided that you may read it to people at intervals. The first verses to be revealed: There are different opinions about the early Revelations to the Prophet. The Quran in 99 Questions (Abdullah Erdemli Trans.). a. New Jersey: Tughra Books. not the first chapter that was revealed. © 2020 North East Islamic Community Center. He also notes that there is no clear obvious reasoning behind the current structure. August 6, 610 C.E.– when Muhammad … Leather, parchment, shoulder-bones, rib-bones, stones, and leaf stalks of date palms were used as writing material. May Allah reward you for enlightening the world. Gabriel, the Angel of Revelation, descended upon him while But unlike the case of the order of the chapters, there is consensus that the verses were ordered in their respective chapters by the Prophet. The Qur’an was revealed by God to Prophet Muhammad over 22 years from 610 CE when he was in Mecca until his death in 632 CE in Medina. The term “Qur’an” is used to refer to the revelation, whereas “muṣḥaf” denotes how this revelation is laid out in a book form. All Rights Reserved. very useful and informative article for anyone learning Qran. The best-known and mostly widely accepted opinion is that the first five verses of Sura Alaq were the first to be revealed. This important distinction will be maintained in this book. (Originally published in Turkish as Kur’an İklimine Seyahat). These are chapters 103 (al-ʿAṣr), 108 (al-Kawthar), and 110 (al-Naṣr). These efforts have developed into a sub-science within the broader discipline of ʿUlūm al-Qur’an (The Sciences of the Qur’an). This is the Introduction to the Book “The First and Last Revelations of the Qur’an“ The Qur’an was revealed by God to Prophet Muhammad over 22 years from 610 CE when he was in Mecca until his death in 632 CE in Medina. As the order of the chapters and verses in the muṣḥaf does not reflect the chronology of their revelation, scholars have invested considerable time and effort to determine various aspects of the chronology of the revealed text. What were the first and last verses or chapters to be revealed in the Qur’an? He migrated to Medina in 622 CE. Similarities and Differences Between the Qur’an and Jewish and Christian Scriptures and Sources: What Do They Really Mean? last. At times an individual verse and at others a number of verses were revealed to the Prophet. One modern researcher convincingly notes that if the order of the chapters was chosen by those who compiled the Qur’an and it was not instructed by the Prophet, they would have mentioned the reasoning behind the organization they chose, yet there is no such explanation. Every one has spoken according to their opinion or their comprehension. Muhammad's first revelation was an event described in Islamic tradition as taking place in 610 AD, during which the Islamic prophet, Muhammad was visited by the angel Jibrīl, known as Gabriel in English, who revealed to him the beginnings of what would later become the Qur’an. This is the Introduction to the Book “The First and Last Revelations of the Qur’an“. Similarly, the first and last verses in the muṣḥaf do not represent the first and last verses of the Qur’an. of these is as follows: For instance, the first chapter in the muṣḥaf is not the first chapter of the Qur’an, i.e. The order of the verses within each chapter is also not necessarily chronological. The last verses to be revealed: There are differing narrations about which verse was revealed The First Letter From the “Fifteen Letters”, Publication of My Biography of Shaikh Muhammad al-Muhammad al-Kasnazan, Obituary of Shaikh Muhammad al-Muhammad al-Kasnazan, Publication of My Biography of Shaikh Muhammad al-Muhammad al-Kasnazan al-Husseini, The Obligatory Prayers and the Broader Command to Remember Allah, Ramadan 2016 Timetable Using Mecca’s Length of the Fasting Day, The Wonders of Tariqa Kasnazaniyya Brought to India, Fifteen Letters (Khamsata ‘Ashara Maktuban), One Night in a Cave that Changed History Forever, The First and Last Revelations of the Qur'an, The Prophet Joseph in the Qur’an, the Bible, and History. There are a number of ḥadīths in which the Prophet is said to have ordered a newly revealed verse to be inserted in a particular position in a partially revealed chapter. The first verses to be revealed: There are different opinions about the early Revelations to the Prophet. “Qur’an” is the name of the revelation whereas the term “muṣḥaf” denotes the written record of that revelation. Blog: http://www.louayfatoohi.com More specifically in this subdomain, scholars have been interested in identifying the first verse that was revealed on certain subjects, such as the first verse that permitted the Muslims to take arms to defend themselves against their enemies, the first revelation that dealt with the drinking of alcohol, and the first inspiration about the permitted and prohibited foods. The shortest chapters have 3 verses each. Believers of mainstream islam believe islam began in a cave and they are not really sure how exactly due to contradiction of hadiths written by different scholars but they are really sure it happened in a cave, Some books say Prophet muhammad was alone when Angel Gabriel entered the cave and some say he was accompanied by Abu Bakr and when they are being asked what he was doing in the cave they answer he was meditating awa… We sent it down, sending it down! Copyright © 2014 Louay Fatoohi What were the first and last verses or chapters to be revealed in the Qur’an? The event took place in a cave called Hira, located on the mountain Jabal an-Nour, near Mecca. The compiled volume of the Qur’an is known as the “muṣḥaf.” This Arabic word means a “collection or volume of written sheets,” but it has developed the technical meaning of the “compiled written sheets of the Qur’an.”. 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