The bright green caterpillars are shaped like leaves and have a pair FLOWERS: Inconspicuous yellow-green. Promoting knowledge, appreciation, conservation, and restoration of Arizona native plants and their habitats Desert Hackberry | The Arizona Native Plant Society Join Birds love the small orange fruit that ripen in the fall when they turn this small shrub in to a cacophony of bird activity. orange. The American Snout is known to migrate in the late summer/ fall from Sonora, and many a Phoenix gardener has been treated to a delightful surprise: a cloud of lovely orange butterflies at their Desert Hackberry when the day before, there had been none! flowers. down a wash just a few feet above the ground stopping frequently to perch on spots can be seen along the wing margin. This specimen is cultivated at the Gilbert Water Ranch, Gilbert, Arizona. adults, which emerge in May, have the curious habit of wavering from side to available moisture. Scholar Literature Search. hikers they will sometimes land on a hat or lunch pail. Desert Naturalist >>> Absent from the lowest, driest areas of the Sonoran Desert. Many of the butterflies that suddenly appear in Arizona during September Hackberry is a tiny village in central Mohave County, on Route 66 in the northwestern region of Arizona. sticky honeydew as a result of feeding by nymphs of a psyllid bug. updated 27 Nov. 2016. White-crowned Sparrow and Perfect for Phoenix! Desert Hackberry – Celtis pallida A must-have for any birdwatcher’s garden! The winged The Sharp-eyed birds push them to look more and more like inedible thorns, a the enigma is why return migrations are not recorded. Another butterfly that feeds on hackberry as a caterpillar is the For all the pleasure it provides, one might expect that the Desert Hackberry would require special care but they do not. In the image above notice that the flower lacks petals and sepals. Did you know that up to 70 percent of water use is outdoors? The adult butterflies have a long snout formed from elongated palps FRUIT: A sweet, bright orange berry, 7 mm dia., with one hard seed. Phainopepla, Townsend's Solitaire, Cedar Waxwing, thrashers, (Celtis pallida). As if bird life itself is not enough entertainment, Desert Hackberry also supports a host of insect life including two interesting butterflies: Leilia Hackberry (Asterocampa leilia) and the American Snout (Libytheana bachmanii). of horns on the head that look remarkably like the plant's own thorns. Maricopa Co., AZ, 11 May 1992. Choosing and Planting Low Water-Use Plants. Arizona Naturalists >>> Copyright miles. Desert Field Guide when in fruit. Sonoran The shrub itself is festooned with sharp thorns that can grow to 2 cm and thereby provide birds with fortress-like protection from predators. Sonoran side in synchrony when disturbed, and can also jump. Often these migrations consist of millions of butterflies seemingly moving only north in late summer or fall. The author of this blog post, Cathy Wise, is the education director with Audubon Arizona, whose mission is to protect birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Hackberry butterflies will chase other butterflies that happen by, rainfall. process of coevolution. C. occidentalis (eastern hackberry) is very similar but larger and more vigorous with foliage to 5 inches long. Unlike his cousin, Netleaf Hackberry (Celtis reticulata), Desert Hackberry keeps its leaves all winter, thereby providing a reliable screen throughout the seasons. doing battle or attempting copulation, often returning to the same perch. Hackberry Butterfly is at lower right ... just to the left of the butterfly is Sound familiar? (mouthparts), and unlike the hackberry butterflies, are avid nectar feeders In early May, adult butterflies will be found A white-crowned sparrow is hanging out in a desert hackberry (Celtis pallida) bush. Cardinal, towhees, LEAVES: Simple and relatively large. In central Arizona, birds attracted to Desert Hackberry include Northern Cardinal, Abert’s Towhee, House Finch and even Phainopepla. The desert hackberry is the perfect small shrubby tree for the bird lovers out there. Desert Hackberry – The Winter Underdog. Taking a playful attitude towards Birds fancy Desert Hackberry for its tiny, edible red berries that are a major source of food in fall, for the dense foliage that extends much-needed shelter from summer heat, and for the multitudes of thorny branches that provide a safe place to build homes. The Snout Butterfly is at upper right. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Many of the leaves on fresh spring growth will be blistered, curled, and oozing The Net-leaf Hackberry makes for an excelent native shade tree in the urban areas of the Sonoran Desert. The fruit of the Desert Hackberry (Celtis pallida) is edible to humans and birds. At the ovary tip are paired stigmas. a caterpillar, the immature stage of the Hackberry Butterfly. In addition, the small, light-colored flowers that begin to appear in March and April soon give way to delightful reddish-orange berries—edible to both birds and people.
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