Coyote brush is an evergreen shrub that belongs to the aster family. Native to California, this tough, deer-resistant shrub has dark green foliage and makes an excellent living mulch in large planting beds, or use it on rough terrain and enjoy its lush green foliage year-round. The scientific name for it is Baccharis pilularis, but the bush is also called chaparral broom.The bush is an important part of chaparral environments, providing food, shelter and erosion control in scrubby land with few large trees. There are reports of isolated populations in New Mexico, most likely introduced. While it is perhaps the most common and widespread shrub in coastal sage scrub and chaparral plant communities in northern and central California, coyote brush is used less frequently in cultivation than it could be. Coyote brush is a low-growing groundcover favored for slope stabilization in many areas and is the perfect carpet for dry, infertile sites. Although coyote brush is resilient, much of its habitat has been affected by agriculture and urban development. Chaparral Coyote BrushBaccharis pilularis ssp. Noteworthy Characteristics. Valued for its ability to flourish in a wide range of conditions. It provides cover for a variety of small mammals such as rabbits and birds. Baccharis pilularis, called coyote brush (or bush), chaparral broom, and bush baccharis, is a shrub in the daisy family native to California, Oregon, Washington, and Baja California. So although coyote brush isn’t exactly an eye-catcher, it is useful horticulturally for hedges and fence lines, and as a background plant where its 6-8 foot height towers above shorter plants, but it can get up to 12 feet high and looks best when it is cut back occasionally. Flowers are not showy and the male and female flowers are borne on separate shrubs. Also valued as an excellent habitat plant offering food and cover to a wide variety of wildlife. Upright form of coyote brush, growing 4 - 8 ft. tall and wide. It has small creamy white flowers that blossom between September and November. https://inlandvalleygardenplanner.org/plants/baccharis-pilularis It thrives on the steep coastlines, grasslands, woodlands, canyons and hillsides. Sometimes known as chaparral broom or more commonly, coyote brush, Baccharis pilularis is part of the sunflower family (Asteraceae), even though it looks nothing like a sunflower. They attract a variety of insects including wasps, butterflies, and bees. There are three subspecies of coyote brush that can be found in California, Oregon, Baja California and New Mexico. These plants are MALE and produce ivory colored flowers with pollen consanguineaNATIVE Description (Jepson, PlantID.net) Eudicotyledon Eudicots are a major lineage of flowering plants; see family for general characteristics Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) Perennial, evergreen shrub Leaves Alternate (1 leaf at each junction with stem) and ovate… Read More Coyote Brush Baccharis pilularis, commonly known as chaparral broom, coyote brush or dwarf chaparral false willow, is an evergreen shrub that typically grows in two different forms, namely, as (1) a prostrate, mat-forming, evergreen groundcover shrub to 8-24” tall spreading to 6’ wide or more, or (2) an upright-rounded shrub to 4-8’ tall and as wide. Baccharis pilularis 'Pigeon Point' (Dwarf Coyote Brush) - A low growing groundcover shrub to 1 to 2 feet tall by about 8 feet wide with light green rounded leaves that while small, are larger and lighter colored than the typical species and other cultivars. Coyote brush grows on sandy, slightly acidic, well-drained soil. Coyote bush is most likely found in coastal scrub and lowland zones.
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