In Canada, Common Wood Sorrel's range includes Manitoba east to southern Labrador and south to Nova Scotia.  In the United States, Common Wood Sorrel may be found from Minnesota across the North Central States to New England, as well as in the mountainous regions of North Carolina and Tennessee. Oxalis montana Raf. Oxalis montana – Raf. Lee Allen Peterson.  A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants.  Eastern and Central North America (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977), pp. The leaf edges are smooth (without teeth). Connecticut Botanical Society.  Common Wood-sorrel (Northern Wood-sorrel).  Oxalis montana Raf.  Retrieved 21 March 2017. New England Wildflower Society. 2015. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Little Brown and Company, 1977), pp. William K. Chapman et al., Wildflowers of New York in Color (Syracuse University Press, 1998), pp.  10-11. Oxalis montana Raf. The common wood sorrel (O. acetosella) of eastern North America and Great Britain is a small, stemless plant with cloverlike three-parted leaves. New York Natural Heritage Program. The leaves appear to be basal, meaning that they occur in a cluster at the base of the plant. It will grow on very acid sites and well to imperfectly drained places. Mountain Woodsorrel.  Retrieved 17 October 2015. The tender stems and leaves have also been used to make tea. Alexander C. Martin, Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson. Common Wood Sorrel is shade-tolerant, meaning that it can grow in the shade although growth rates may be best in partial sun. Retrieved 21 March 2017. Go Botany. montana L. Retrieved 21 March 2017. The flowering stem is hairy near the flower and often reddish towards the base. New York Natural Heritage Program. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 2015. New York Flora Association.  New York Flora Atlas. Volume 1. Retrieved 22 January 2017, p. 8. Timothy Coffey.  The History and Folklore of North American Wildflowers (FactsOnFile, 1993), pp.  146-147. In New York State, Common Wood Sorrel occurs in most counties in the eastern part of the state. Wilbur H. Duncan and Marion B. Duncan.  Wildflowers of the Eastern United States (The University of Georgia Press, 1999), p.  43. 2015. In the Adirondacks, Common Wood Sorrel is found in a wide variety of ecological communities: You can find this plant along sections of virtually all trails covered here. It can be found in most counties within the Adirondack Park Blue Line, except Clinton, Fulton, and Washington counties. A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits (Dover Publications, 1951), pp. The leaves of Common Wood Sorrel are green and clover-like. Bradford Angier.  Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants.  Revised and Updated.  (Stackpole Books, 2008), pp. 184-185. Oxalis acetosella (Common Wood Sorrel).  Retrieved 21 March 2017. 104-105. New York Natural Heritage Program. In mixed wood forests, Common Wood Sorrel can be seen growing near Eastern Hemlock, Red Maple, and Yellow Birch. New York Natural Heritage Program. Retrieved 22 March 2017. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Native American Ethnobotany. Black Friday Sale! National Audubon Society.  Field Guide to North American Wildflowers. Retrieved 21 March 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017. University of Michigan. The genus name derives from the Greek word "oxys," meaning acid, which is a reference to the sour taste of the foliage. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Retrieved 22 February 2017. 2015. This plant is presumed extirpated in Ohio. Common Wood Sorrel has very limited uses as a food or medicine. Dark-eyed Juncos and Horned Larks are said to feed on seeds. Oxalis montana Raf.  Retrieved 21 March 2017.  Online Conservation Guide for Spruce-Fir Swamp. Common Wood Sorrel is a member of the Oxalis family. Flora of North America.  Online Conservation Guide for Balsam Flats. The leaves arise from a creeping, scaly rootstock, and the flowers are borne singly on a stalk that arises from the leaf axil. Mountain Woodsorrel.  Oxalis montana Raf. Michael Kudish. Oxalis montana Raf. Mourning Doves reportedly eat the seeds, leaves, and bulbs. Lawrence Newcomb. 30-31, 138-139. Northeastern and North-central North America (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1968), pp. Adirondack Alpine Summits: An Ecological Field Guide (Adirondack Mountain Club, Inc., 2006), p.  26. Retrieved 22 February 2017. New York State. Northern Wood Sorrel. 2015. Common Wood Sorrel flowers appear singly (one to a stalk). New York Natural Heritage Program. Retrieved 22 February 2017. The term "montana" means "mountainous regions" in Latin. Eastern Region. Retrieved 22 March 2017. In addition, the shape of the leaves is very different. New York Natural Heritage Program. United States Department of Agriculture. Field Guide to Wildflowers of North America (Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2010), p. 397. The sour, edible clover-like leaves are said to be good if used sparingly in salads. Most importantly, the two plants bloom at very different times. So, if you find a low-growing plant with pink, candy-striped flowers in June or July, it's probably Common Wood Sorrel. There are no other reported wildlife uses. The flowers are pollinated by bees and other insects. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 71-72, 72, 104-105, 121, 122-123, 123, 123-124, 124. Anne McGrath.  Wildflowers of the Adirondacks (EarthWords, 2000), p.  29, Plate 14. Ecological Communities of New York State. Look for Common Wood Sorrel in a variety of habitats, including conifer, mixed woods, and northern hardwood forests, in elevations ranging from 1,000 to 4900 feet. New York Natural Heritage Program. 94-96, 111-112, 129, 194-195, 200, 203-204, 241-242, 408-409. Doug Ladd. Roger Tory Peterson and Margaret McKenny.  A Field Guide to Wildflowers. Plants for a Future.
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