Banana plants can be grown U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, although they may not yield yield bananas in USDA zones 8 and 9, but you can still grow them for their tropical leaves. As the inflorescence matures, the petals curl back exposing multiple white flowers followed by clusters of green developing bananas. The first flowers to grow on the inflorescence are female. Palomo holds a Bachelor of Arts in liberal studies from Boston University. You can leave 6-9 inches (15-23 cm.) The overall height of the plant and leaves may be much more. Bananas sprout from the female flowers without pollination. In edible banana cultivars, the rapidly growing ovaries on the flowers develop without pollination, forming clusters of bananas called “hands.” The last flowers to emerge at the tip of the inflorescence are male. Banana stalks are technically called pseudostems; leaves 2 to 9 feet long spiral upward from an underground rhizome. This process is called shooting. I have several banana plants and currently, I have three with bunches of bananas. Suckers continually spring up around the main plant with the oldest sucker replacing the main plant as it fruits and dies. Hermaphrodite flowers – these have both male and female characteristics but … Smooth, oblong to elliptical, fleshy stalked leaves unfurl in a spiral around the stem. From the bottom of the rhizomes, long feeder roots extend as deep and as wide as 5 feet. If you want new plants to spring up where the old plant was, be careful not to damage the shoots developing around the base. Prior to taking up writing full time she has worked as a landscape artist and organic gardener. A banana tree produces fruits every year under ideal conditions. Banana plants are not actually trees but large herbs with succulent, juicy stems that arise from a fleshy corm. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Banana trees are measured from the ground to the top of trunk where the top leaves grow from. This inflorescence will ultimately yield bananas. From 26 to 32 banana leaves will have wrapped around themselves by the time the inflorescence emerges from the center of the pseudostem. Female flowers – these appear first and are the flowers that will develop into bananas. She travels widely and has spent over six years living abroad. Banana plants grow from rhizomes -- fleshy roots under the soil. The flower stalk grows from the center of the leaves and is 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Ten to 17 months after planting, a banana will produce a single flower stalk. The question is how to get a banana tree to produce fruit. A true stem pushes its way through the center of the cylindrical stalk. Order plants that will fit in your vehicle. At this point, the banana plant can be cut at the soil line and removed or allowed to die naturally. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. As the bananas develop, the petals and flowers fall. You can plant bananas any time of year in USDA zone 9b and warmer. You may end up with one or many hands when harvesting banana trees. To remove the banana plants from the area, dig up all the rhizomes or they will keep coming back. We have had various types growing but have decided to only grow short banana trees. Banana Tree Bloom Stages Banana Plant Growth. Banana flowers (aka banana blossoms) are exactly what their name suggests: the blossoms from a banana tree. of stalk on the hand, if you wish, to make it easier to carry, especially if it is a large bunch. Banana trees are one of the common trees that come to mind when dreaming of the tropics, but did you know that it is not really a tree? Unless rhizomes are removed manually, multiple banana plants grow from the root area. 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