Armadillos live in temperate and warm habitats, including rain forests, grasslands, and semi-deserts. Other armadillo species cannot roll up because they have too many plates. The smallest species, the pink fairy armadillo, is roughly chipmunk-sized at 85 g (3.0 oz) and 13–15 cm (5.1–5.9 in) in total length. Armadillos are like mammals and give birth to young ones and wean them with milk like any other mammals. Additional armour covers the top of the head, the upper parts of the limbs, and the tail. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) PicFacts(2001-2500) PicFacts (2501-3000) PicFacts (3001-3500) PicFacts (3501-4000) PicFacts … Interesting Armadillo Facts: They vary in size, from 5-59 inches in length to 3-120 pounds in weight. Only the South American three-banded armadillos (Tolypeutes) rely heavily on their armour for protection. The living ones have a leathery armored shell. Their average length is about 75 centimeters (30 in), including the tail. They use their claws for digging and finding food, as well as for making their homes in burrows. The word armadillo is Spanish for "little armored one". The word armadillo is Spanish for "little armored one". PicFacts. There Are 21 Identified Armadillo Species. Many species use their sharp claws to dig for food, such as grubs, and to dig dens. Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd looking creatures. Here are 13 Interesting Armadillo facts. WATCH: These Cute Armadillos Almost Always Give Birth to Quadruplets, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/armadillos.html. There are about 10 living genera and about 20 species of armadillo. Some species, however, feed almost entirely on ants and termites. The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo, at 85 grams (3.0 ounces) and 13 to 15 centimeters (5.1–5.9 inches) in total length. Closely related to anteaters and sloths, armadillos generally have a pointy or shovel-shaped snout and small eyes. Armadillos are small to medium-sized mammals. The nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, is by … Gestation lasts from 60 to 120 days, depending on species, although the nine-banded armadillo also exhibits delayed implantation, so the young are not typically born for eight months after mating. They have very poor eyesight, and utilize their keen sense of smell to hunt. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Armadillo facts: Interesting facts about Armadillos. Armadillos have short legs, but can move quite quickly. All species live in the Americas. Armadillo is a Spanish word, translating to ‘little armoured one’, named by Spanish explorers to Latin America. they always have id. They reach sexual maturity in three to 12 months, depending on the species. This armour-like skin appears to be the main defense of many armadillos, although most escape predators by fleeing (often into thorny patches, from which their armour protects them) or digging to safety. Armadillos are in the Cingulata, an order of New World placental mammals. This page was last modified on 21 October 2020, at 15:17. They are special because of the fact that they have an outer shell like covering much akin to tortoise. Closely related to anteaters and sloths, armadillos generally have a pointy or shovel-shaped snout and small eyes. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The Giant Armadillo grows up to 100 cm (39 in) and weigh 30 kg (66lbs). Armadillos are solitary animals that do not share their burrows with other adults. Their armor is a type of hardened skin. The underside of the animal is never armoured, and is simply covered with soft skin and fur. Armadillos have a large number of cheek teeth which are not divided into premolars and molars, but usually have no incisors or canines. Others have black, red, gray, or yellowish coloring. They are the only living mammal to wear such a shell. Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd looking creatures. Armadillos are usually brownish black, marked with yellow above and yellowish white underneath. When threatened by a predator, Tolypeutes species frequently roll up into a ball. Armadillos of the genus Dasypus give birth to four genetically identical young that split from the same embryo; i.e. Armadillos can be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in color. Species range in length from about 6 inches (15 centimeters) to 5 feet (1.5 meters). Armadillos are stout with short legs and strong, curved claws. The largest species, the giant armadillo, can be the size of a small pig and weigh up to 54 kg (119 lb), and can be 150 cm (59 in) long. The nine-banded armadillo is noted for its movement through water which is accomplished via two different methods: it can walk underwater for short distances, holding its breath for as long as six minutes; also, to cross larger bodies of water, it is capable of increasing its buoyancy by swallowing air, inflating its stomach and intestines. Armadillos species are mostly found in South and Central America, especially around Paraguay. 1-5 Armadillo Facts 1. The young are born with soft, leathery skin which hardens within a few weeks. Many species are endangered. They have five clawed toes on their hind feet, and three to five toes with heavy digging claws on their fore feet. The North American nine-banded armadillo tends to jump straight in the air when surprised, so consequently often collides with the undercarriage or fenders of passing vehicles. In addition to bugs, armadillos eat small vertebrates, plants, and some fruit, as well as the occassional carrion meal. They are prolific diggers. Of the 20 varieties of armadillo, all but one live in Latin America. They vary widely in size and color, from the 6-inch-long, salmon-colored pink fairy armadillo to the 5-foot-long, dark-brown giant armadillo. There are about 10 living genera and about 20 species of armadillo. Most species dig burrows and sleep prolifically, up to 16 hours per day, foraging in the early morning and evening for beetles, ants, termites, and other insects. The living ones have a leathery armored shell. In common with other xenarthrans, armadillos, in general, have low body temperatures of 33–36 °C (91–97 °F) and low basal metabolic rates (40–60% of that expected in placental mammals of their mass). Because of their low metabolic rate and lack of fat stores, cold is their enemy, and spates of intemperate weather can wipe out whole populations. Nine-banded armadillos are known for often giving birth to four identical pups. The familiar nine-banded armadillo is the only species that includes the United States in its range. However their body has been adapted to their surroundings in the process of evolution. All rights reserved. This is particularly true of types that specialize in using termites as their primary food source (for example, Priodontes and Tolypeutes). Armadillos are covered in bony plates that create their ‘armour’. Their whole body (head, back, legs and tail) is covered with bony plates. In fact, only the three-banded armadillo can, curling its head and back feet and contorting its shell into a hard ball that confounds would-be predators. Armadillos are the only living mammals that wear such shells. Strong legs and huge front claws are used for digging, and long, sticky tongues for extracting ants and termites from their tunnels.
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