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afrikaans language origin
"earth pig"), trek ("pioneering journey", in Afrikaans lit. Also, Afrikaans and some Dutch dialects make no distinction between /s/ and /z/, having merged the latter into the former; while the word for "south" is written zuid in Dutch, it is spelled suid in Afrikaans (as well as dialectal Dutch writings) to represent this merger. For example, sál ("will" (verb)), néé ('no'), móét ("must"), hý ("he"), gewéét ("knew"). It is not so difficult to learn Afrikaans. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [72] Dutch speakers are confronted with fewer non-cognates when listening to Afrikaans than the other way round. A distinct Afrikaans literature evolved during the 20th century, and the first complete translation of the Bible into Afrikaans was published in 1933. Corrections? ), harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHolm1989 (, Dutch and Afrikaans share mutual intelligibility; see, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFGooskens2007 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBakerPrys_Jones1997 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFEgil_BreivikHåkon_Jahr1987 (, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSebba2007 (, Afrikaans was historically called Cape Dutch; see. The letters c, q, x, and z occur almost exclusively in borrowings from French, English, Greek and Latin. Afrikaans was also a medium of instruction for schools in Bophuthatswana, an Apartheid-era Bantustan. Both French and San origins have been suggested for double negation in Afrikaans. The Afrikaans Language Monument is located on a hill overlooking Paarl in the Western Cape Province. Kaapse Afrikaans is also characterised by much code-switching between English and Afrikaans, especially in the inner-city and lower socio-economic status areas of Cape Town. [51] Afrikaans is more widely spoken than English in the Northern and Western Cape provinces, several hundred kilometres from Soweto. This was hard for Dutch speakers to understand, and increasingly unintelligible for Afrikaans speakers. Thus in his view Afrikaans is neither a creole nor a direct descendant of Dutch, but a fusion of two transmission pathways. net soos in die hemel. Gee ons vandag ons daaglikse brood; [14] Estimates of the total number of Afrikaans speakers range between 15 and 23 million. The vowels with diacritics in non-loanword Afrikaans are: á, é, è, ê, ë, í, î, ï, ó, ô, ö, ú, û, ü, ý. Diacritics are ignored when alphabetising, though they are still important, even when typing the diacritic forms may be difficult. A large number of Afrikaans books are still published every year, mainly by the publishers Human & Rousseau, Tafelberg Uitgewers, Struik, and Protea Boekhuis. Hy bring my by waters waar daar vrede is. There are also many artists that tour to bring Afrikaans to the expats. Lord's Prayer (Afrikaans New Living translation)[citation needed], Ons Vader in die hemel, laat U Naam geheilig word. [53][54][55], Under South Africa's Constitution of 1996, Afrikaans remains an official language, and has equal status to English and nine other languages. While double negation is still found in Low Franconian dialects in West-Flanders and in some "isolated" villages in the centre of the Netherlands (such as Garderen), it takes a different form, which is not found in Afrikaans. Hy gee my nuwe krag. 1050-1350)-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2020, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. An estimated 90 to 95% of the Afrikaans lexicon is ultimately of Dutch origin,[60][61][62] and there are few lexical differences between the two languages. Rather, Afrikaans was described derogatorily as "a kitchen language" or "a bastard jargon," suitable for communication mainly between the Boers and their servants. The Huguenots were responsible for a great linguistic contribution to Afrikaans, particularly in terms of military terminology as many of them fought on the battlefields during the wars of the Great Trek.
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